The incident occurred early in the second half, with both sides level at 1-1.
Haaland had put Norway ahead on 20 minutes, before Davy Klaassen equalised for the Dutch shortly before half-time.
But Haaland and van Dijk were involved in a physical battle, which resulted in the centre-back believing his finger was broken.
Van Dijk did in fact suffer a dislocated finger which was popped back in by the medical staff – crucially for Liverpool and Netherlands, though, he had no broken bones.
Haaland on van Dijk injury
Haaland explained to TV2 in Norway after the game, which went on to finish 1-1: “I actually snapped his finger on him.
“I do not know how it happened. He just said ‘f***ing hell, you broke my finger’.
“He’s good, so to speak. I have no idea how I snapped his finger. That’s just the way it is.”
On van Dijk’s qualities, he added: “I think he is the best defender. I think quite a few others in the room agree with me on that.
“He is fast, strong and “bad” smart, and there are three important things you must have.
“I have played against him twice, I have said that he is the best I have met. He is a good player, so we have to try and play around him.”
It was an eventful evening for van Dijk, who also had to carefully push away a fan who had entered the pitch during his post-match interview.
The 1-1 draw means Netherlands stay second in Group G on seven points. Leaders Turkey – who were held by Montenegro last night – are ahead of them on eight.
Norway are in fourth place, having amassed the same amount of points as last night’s opponents but also having a lower goal difference.
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